Cyprus history in 2 minutes
According to archaeological evidence, the civilisation ofCyprus goes back 11.000 years to the 9th millennium B.C. (early Neolithic Period or Stone Age). The island acquired its Greek character after it was settled by the Mycenaean-Achaean Greeks between the 13th and 11th century B.C. In the mid- 9th century B.C. Phoenician settlers began to arrive, concentrating mainly in the coastal city of Kition. Despite being conquered by many invaders Cyprus continued to prosper.
Paphos (or Pafos) is a town in Cyprus whose history dates back to the Neolithic period. It was in Paphos that the mythological goddess Aphrodite was born and along with her came the legendary upsurge of cult worship that lasted for many centuries. The Myceneans were the first who built a temple in her name in 12th century B.C. Today, the architectural and cultural remains, dating from Hellinistic times to the Roman periods, are a proof to the city’s long forgotten extraordinary historical value.
The original site of Paphos previously resided in the village of Kouklia that lies in the district of modern Paphos. This site is now known as Old Paphos. The New Paphos, which superseded Old Paphos during Roman times, is located 10 miles away from the old site. Both the sites together form today’s modern Paphos.
Cult of Aphrodite
It is a known and acceptable truth that Goddess Aphrodite landed at the site of Paphos when she emerged from the sea. Her cult was established much before the time of Homer (700 B.C.) as her altar is mentioned in his epic poem Odyssey. Female statuettes and charms found on the site prove the fact that ancient Cypriots did certainly worship a fertility goddess. Archeologically, cult worship dates back to the Late Bronze Age. The Greeks and the whole Aegean world worshipped Aphrodite and not alone by the Cypriots. Landmarks associated with Aphrodite include sanctuary of Aphrodite at Kouklia Village, rough and rugged rocks at the beautiful shore where she landed known as Aphrodite Rocks, and the Baths of Aphrodite at Polis.
The Greek rule in Paphos might have been short lived but it has been important in the sense that it collected huge wealth and was a prominent town in the Mediterranean region. It was prospering and growing by leaps and boundaries when the Romans attacked it in 58 B.C. The Romans not only contributed to the wealth of Paphos but also made it architecturally and culturally rich. Historical remains such as temples, well built roads, forts, palaces, theatres and tombs contribute to the city’s tourism value.
Arrival of Christianity
The Roman rule gradually ended with the arrival of Christianity in the form of Saint Paul in 46 A.D. But the peace and security of the city suffered during the turn of events such as the fall of Roman Empire and Jewish Rebellion in 117 A.D.
Paphos fell prey to Arab invaders during the period when the Roman rule was slowly diminishing. They looted the city, but it was the Byzantines ruled who freed the city from the Arabs and helped it regain its original position. The city was renamed as Salamis and was under the Byzantine control for over 700 years until it was taken over by Richard the Lion Heart and the Knights of the Third Crusade in 1191. But the Crusaders lasted for just about a year after which the administration of Paphos came back to the Byzantines until 1489. After the Byzantines the subsequent rulers didn’t last long with Venetian rule from 1489 to 1571, Turkish rule from 1571 to 1878 and British rule from 1878 to 1960. The importance of Paphos declined with time and by 1974 it was no more than a coastal village.
Pafos is located on the southwest coast of the island and is sheltered from the north by the Troodos mountains. It has a temperate climate, one of the healthiest in the whole Mediterranean.
In the Pafos region of Cyprus you can bask in sunshine all the year round and feel the warmth of a welcoming people with a reputation for hospitality. Splash about in the sparkling warm waters of the Mediterranean in the summer; marvel at the splendours of nature as the fields are carpeted in wild flowers in the spring; explore ancient sites in perfect temperatures in the autumn; and in the mild winter keep fit with a round or two of golf or an invigorating game of tennis.
Whatever you desire - activity, tranquillity, good food, fine wine, spas, walking, golf, culture, nature, birdwatching - the Pafos region offers it all.
Four municipalities administer the region, each with its own special attraction for you to discover – the municipalities of Pafos town, Geroskipou, Pegeia and Polis tis Chrysochous.
Historic Byzantine fort built to protect the harbor
Mosaic decorations and mythological compositions that date back to second century AD also known as House of Theseus
Tombs of the kings
Historic burial site of Paphitic aristocrats and high officials up to the third century AD
Baths of Arphrodite
It is believed that on this romantic site, Aphrodite used to take her baths in the pools of the natural cave. The cave is surrounded by a fig tree with beautiful natural wildlife.
Caretta Caretta Turtle
Magnificant turtle that romes the shores of Cyprus in the most virgin shore in Europe
Cypriot National Animal ehivh is unique World-wide
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